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Freiluftpredigen (Open Air Preaching) - in Arbeit (20% übersetzt)

Freiluftpredigen (Open Air Preaching)



Nachfolgend die Übersetzung der Datei von www.pinpointevangelism.com/OpenAirPreaching.pdf (In Arbeit - falls du mir helfen könntest kannst du mir hier auf hier auf github helfen beim übersetzen helfen und anschliessend einen pull-request mit deinem übersetzungsvorschlag machen, anschliessend kann ich deine Übersetzung in diese Datei übernehmen)

Quelle: libraryoftheology.com > evangelism > www.pinpointevangelism.com/OpenAirPreaching.pdf

Freiluftpredigen

Von John Duncan (www.gospeljohn.com)

Biblische Evangelisation

Open-air preaching ist die meistbenutzte Methode für biblische Evangelisation. Jesus war ein Freiluftprediger (Berg-Predigt), Johannes der Täufer war ein Freiluftprediger (er predigte in der Wüste), Paulus war ein Freiluftprediger (Mars Hill), Stephanus (Apg 7), und viele weitere wie zum Beispiel Petrus, Jeremia, Amos, Jotham, Jona, Jesaja, etc.

Wir glauben, dass das Evangelium eine confrontational Botschaft ist, ein Ruf, alle bekannte Sünde aufzugeben/zu verlassen, und ein Anvertrauen der Seele und des ganzen Daseins an Jesus Christus. Wir widersetzen uns eifrig der Botschaft, dass man in Sünde weitermachen kann in einer Beziehung mit Gott.

Beginning at around noon, ohne Verstärkung, Ellen und Ich nähern uns der free speech area in den säkulären Universitäten und erheben unsere Stimmen, laut rufend und nciht schonend gegen Sünde, wie die Bibel zu tun sagt in Jesaja (Jes 58,1).

Ich glaube, dass eine der grössten Nöte heutzutage in Amerika aggressive Evangelisation im Freien (Open-Air) ist. Viele unserer modernen Methoden erreichen nur jene, die es hören, lesen und einstellen (Radio) wollen. Freiluftpredigen erreicht jene, die sonst nicht an ein traditionelles evangelistisches Treffen kommen würden.

Ich hab es alles versucht: Pizza Abendessen, Musical outreaches, Tür-zu-Tür witnessing, Verteilung von Literatur, Bücherstände, etc. All diese waren effektiv bis zu einem Grad, aber Freiluftpredigen ist bei Weitem das effektivste (sowie auch das umstrittenste).

Ist Freiluftpredigen Biblisch?

In Bible times life was much simpler than it is today. From the written page to communication in cyberspace, today's transfer of information is radically different than that of Biblical times. Why then should you consider or emphasize the description of PREACHING found with Scripture? The most obvious answer, as we will fully document, is GOD'S examples found within His Word. This chapter will show the weakness found in contemporary approaches vs. the strength and power found in the Scriptures.

Satan's work to eliminate the Biblical method of preaching has shown much fruit. Today's understanding of the word "PREACH" has only been assigned to a select few: Pastoren, Lehrer, Evangelisten, etc. Ausserdem wurde die eigentliche idee des PREDIGENS umdefiniert als sprechen/unterreden [_engl. conversing], bezeugen, teilen, oder desgleichen. Die Täuschung hat, for all practical purposes, quasi die eigentliche Praxis, die man in der Bibel findet eliminiert.
Additionally these two contemporary "definitions" work very effectively to quench those who would read, see and attempt to follow the men of the Bible. The high tech world of books, radio, TV, and stadium venues has become our day's way of getting the Word out. While looking like the most effective way, their substitution for Open-Air Preaching has left most of the world unreached. Alle diese Ansätze teilen einen gemeinsamen Bestandteil:

For the most part they only communicate to those die hören wollen oder bereits Gläubige sind.

With the "meeting" format the vast percentage of the audience is hearing information they already possess. Literature is useful, but only to those who take the time to read it. Witnessing is good, and should be the mainstay in a believer’s life, but again it is very hard to reach more than a few. While God uses these methods to reap some of those who are ready, the rest of the world goes without. In addition, the methods of today are very expensive: a poor use of God’s money and the church’s time.

ÖFFENTLICHES PREDIGEN IST DIE NUMMER EINS METHODE OF OUTREACH USED IM ALTEN UND NEUEN TESTAMENT…ist die effektivste Art und Weise, das Evangelium zu den meisten Leuten, in der kürzesten Zeit mit dem geringsten Aufwand zu bringen!

Definitionen

Was denn ist PREDIGEN? Laut Noah Webster, "Predigen" kommt von einem Lateinischen Wort welches bedeutet, "öffentlich zu verkünden… eine Predigt urging Annahme/Akzeptierung oder Nichtannahme einer Idee oder Handlungsweise, spezifisch in einer ernsten lästigen/unangenehmen und aufdringlichen Art und Weise." "Officious" it seems is the key word in much of what is BIBLICAL preaching. Die Propheten through Christus und die Neue Testamentliche Kirche lehrten es, wie es war und bezahlten den Preis für ihre Kühnheit und "aufdringliche" Methode; as it continues to be defined: "volunteering one’s services where they are not asked for or wanted; meddlesome" and "high-handed."

As we have outlined, PREACHING today is narrowly defined and misunderstood to the exclusion of the above definition. It typically refers to invited people, invited speakers, and scheduled services. BIBLICAL PREACHING, however, conforms to the above definition, and is often to hostile crowds outside "religious" services...to those who would seek to even kill the messenger.

Das Alte Testament

Das Alte Testament ist Reich an Schilderungen von ÖFFENTLICHEM PREDIGEN.

"Die Weisheit RUFT DRAUSSEN LAUT, ÖFFENTLICH läßt sie ihre Stimme hören; IM ÄRGSTEN STRASSENLÄRM SCHREIT SIE, an den Pforten der Stadttore hält sie ihre Reden:" (Sprüche 1,20-21; Schlachter1951)

[[> "Wisdom CRIETH WITHOUT; she uttereth her voice IN THE STREETS: SHE CRIETH IN THE CHIEF PLACE OF CONCOURSE, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words…" (Proverbs 1:20-21).]]

[["CRIETH" means shouting out loud. "WITHOUT" means outside. "CHIEF PLACE OF CONCOURSE" means where the biggest crowds are.]]

"RUFT nicht die Weisheit, und die Klugheit LÄSST SICH HÖREN? Öffentlich am Wege und an der Straße steht sie. An den Toren bei der Stadt, da man zur Türe eingeht, SCHREIT sie:" (Sprüche 8,1-3; Luther 1912)

Old testament prophets often PREACHED at the GATES of the city. The gates were the busiest place in town. The cities in Bible times were surrounded by walls for protection, and all traffic in and out of the city went through the gate. It was the place to be to get a message to all visitors (Genesis 19:1) as well as the citizens (going in and out to work in the fields), and the king and all dignitaries. All kinds of activity took place at the gates:

  • Geschäftsabwicklungen (Genesis 23:10ff; II Kings 7:1)
  • Community meetings/ "city hall" (Genesis 34:20ff; II Samuel 19:8; Proverbs 31:23; Lam. 5:14)
  • Rechtliche Entscheidungen/Gericht (Deut. 22:15ff; 25:7; Ruth 4:1; II Sam. 15:2; Amos 5:15; Zech 8:16)
  • Öffentliche Hinrichtungen (5. Mose 22:24)
  • Öffentliches mourning (II Samuel 18:33)
  • Tägliche [Haus-]arbeiten (II Samuel 23:15; I Könige 17:10)
  • Religious meetings/Götzendienst (I Kings 22:10; II Kings 23:8; II Chronicles 18:9; Acts 14:13)
  • Die Armen (Psalm 69,12; Sprüche 22,22; Amos 5,12)

These then are some of the things that took place at the gates. A man PREACHING at the gate would not only reach large crowds, but also have an IMPACT on and a direct outreach to such varied arenas as: the business community, court decisions, idolatrous meetings, soldiers, government, etc., etc.

AMOS WAR EIN STRASSENPREDIGER!

"Sie hassen den, der im Tore Recht spricht, und verabscheuen den, der aufrichtig redet." (Amos 5,10; Schlachter1951)

JESAJA WAR EIN STRASSENPREDIGER!

"... und demjenigen Schlingen legen, der sie im Tore zurechtweist..." (Jesaja 29,21; Schlachter1951)

JEREMIA WAR EIN STRASSENPREDIGER!

"Weiter sprach der HERR also zu mir: Gehe hin und stelle dich unter das TOR der Volksgenossen, durch das die Könige von Juda aus und eingehen, ja, unter alle TORE zu Jerusalem, und sage ihnen: Höret das Wort des HERRN, ihr Könige von Juda, du ganz Juda und alle Einwohner von Jerusalem, welche durch diese Tore eingehen. So spricht der HERR: ..." (Jeremia 17,19-21; Schlachter1951)

"Dies ist das Wort, welches vom HERRN an Jeremia erging: Tritt unter das TOR am Hause des HERRN und predige dort dieses Wort und sprich: Höret das Wort des HERRN, ihr alle aus Juda, die ihr zu diesen Toren eingehet, um den HERRN anzubeten!" (Jeremia 7,1-2; Schlachter1951)

An interesting point about these men is that most of them spent most of their time not reaching those in other countries, or the most reprobate sinners, but God’s "chosen people," who had the Bible, as they entered the house of God to worship the LORD!

"So sprach der HERR: Gehe hinab ins Haus des Königs von Juda und rede daselbst diese Worte: Höre das Wort des HERRN, du König von Juda, der du auf dem Thron Davids sitzest, du samt deinen Knechten und deinem Volk, die zu diesen TOREN eingehen!" (Jeremia 22,1-2; Schlachter1951)

"Da las Baruch aus dem Buch die Reden Jeremias im Hause des HERRN ... am Eingang des neuen TORES des Hauses des HERRN, vor den Ohren des ganzen Volkes." (Jeremia 36,10; Schlachter1951)

The PROPHETS of GOD in the Old Testament did not use "low-key," "subtle" (see Genesis 3:1) approaches, such as literature tables, passing out tracts, invitations to religious meetings, traveling Gospel singing teams, etc., etc. These methods have some limited value, but again, what is the MAIN method of outreach in the BIBLE? What is the most effective way to reach the most people at the least expense? What is the method that most ACCURATELY REFLECTS THE REAL CHARACTER OF GOD? What is the method that is most consistent with the message of Heaven or HELL? What is the one method that receives the least amount of teaching, encouragement and promotion?

STRASSENPREDIGT!!

"Darauf sprach der HERR zu mir: Verkündige alle diese Worte in den Städten Judas und auf den GASSEN zu Jerusalem und sprich: Höret die Worte dieses Bundes und befolget sie!" (Jeremia 11,6; Schlachter1951)

"Und das Wort des HERRN erging an mich und sprach: Gehe hin und predige in die Ohren Jerusalems und sprich: So spricht der HERR: ... " (Jeremia 2,1-2; Schlachter1951)

"RUFE LAUT, SCHONE NICHT! ERHEBE DEINE STIMME WIE EINE POSAUNE UND VERKÜNDIGE MEINEM VOLK SEIN ÜBERTRETEN UND DEM HAUSE JAKOB SEINE SÜNDE!" (Jesaja 58,1, Schlachterbibel 1951)

In Richter 9,7 als Jotam eine Botschaft an eine Menge an Leuten in Sichem zu bringen hatte (die ihn töten wollten), wie tat er es? Nicht mit Literatur, oder Einladungen zu religiösen services, oder irgendwelche anderen "zarten" Methoden.

"Als solches Jotam angesagt ward, ging er hin und trat auf die Höhe des Berges Garizim und erhob seine Stimme, RIEF und sprach zu ihnen: Hört mir zu, ihr Bürger von Sichem, so wird Gott auch auf euch hören!" (Richter 9,7; Schlachterbibel 1951)

Jotam suchte sich einen sicheren Ort, von wo sie ihn alle hören konnten und ERHOB SEINE STIMME. Jotam war ein Freiluftprediger (ca. 1300 v.Chr.)

JONAH - REACHING THE UNCHURCHED

The best example in the OLD TESTAMENT of a foreign missionary is JONAH. GOD sent him to warn Nineveh. Did he rent a hall and invite people to come to a scheduled meeting, enticing them with "special music" and Gospel entertainment? No. Jonah was charged to preach to Nineveh (as we are to the world!), not only to those who would attend his meeting, but to the whole city. The BIBLE says Nineveh was "an exceeding great city of three days journey" (Jonah 3:3); i.e., it took 3 days just to walk around it. Diodorus confirms that Nineveh was 60 miles in circumference (Herodotus records that a day’s journey was 20 miles). Jonah 3:4 says "Jonah began to enter into the city a day’s journey, and he CRIED, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown." Jonah went "a day’s journey" into Nineveh, a city of 3 day’s journey, and CRIED. He was PREACHING as he was walking, i.e. OUTDOORS. Jonah was a STREET PREACHER, walking the streets as he preached his message of judgment and truth..

Wie Stehst Mit Dem Neuen Testament?

With the subject firmly established within the largely Hebrew mission in the Old Testament, and it's mostly limited focus in the Middle East, we now turn our attention to the New Testament. Beginning with John and moving to our commission to the whole world we are instructed in Mark 16:15,

"Und sprach zu ihnen: Gehet hin in alle Welt und prediget das Evangelium ALLER KREATUR!" (Mark 16,15; Luther 1545)

Unser Auftrag ist es, DAS EVANGELIUM JEDER KREATUR AUF DER WELT ZU PREDIGEN. Simple Logik wird zeigen, dass die beste Art und Weise, wie man dies erfüllen kann ist, herauszufinden, wo die meisten "Kreaturen" an einem Ort gleichzeitig sind und die Botschaft laut genug für alle hörbar zu verkündigen.

"Ihn verkündigen wir, indem wir JEDEN MENSCHEN ERMAHNEN und jeden Menschen lehren in aller Weisheit, um jeden Menschen vollkommen in CHRISTUS JESUS darzustellen." (Kolosser 1,28; Schlachter2000)

Der erste PREDIGER im NEUEN TESTAMENT war JOHANNES DER TÄUFER. Einmal mehr mangelte sein Predigen an komfortablen Gebäuden, Musik, Unterhaltung, etc. Johannes war ein FREILUFTPREDIGER.

"In jenen Tagen aber erscheint Johannes der Täufer und predigt in der Wüste des jüdischen Landes und spricht: TUT BUSSE, denn das Himmelreich ist nahe herbeigekommen!" (Mt 3,1-2; Schlachterbibel 1951, siehe auch Markus 1,4; Lukas 3,3)

Matthäus sagt Jerusalem, und ganz Judäa und die ganze umliegende Landschaft des Jordan kam heraus, um Johannes predigen zu hören (Matthäus 3,5-6). Johannes taufte im Fluss Jordan. Juden welche hin und her nach Galiläa reisten, weigerten sich, den direkten Weg durch Samaria zu nehmen (John 4,9), sondern gingen vielmehr zum Fluss Jordan und folgten ihm zu und von Galiläa, also suchte sich Johannes einen Ort aus zum Predigen von Busse und zum Taufen an einem Ort mit viel Verkehr, mit grossen Massen.

"Witnessing?"

With the Biblical emphasis of PREACHING TO CROWDS, there is not much "one-onone witnessing" talked about in Scripture. In today's Church however, there is a lot of training and promotion of witnessing. In Sunday School, Bible colleges, seminaries, workshops and books there is heavy emphasis on this approach.

The personal witnessing experiences of JESUS CHRIST get a lot of attention, as well they should, but in the 4 Gospels, covering 2-3 years of CHRIST’s ministry, we find only about THREE cases of personal witnessing: Nicodemus, the woman at the well, and Zaccheus. The Gospels spend much more time pointing out CHRIST’S dealings with "MULTITUDES:" Matthew 4:25; 5:1; 8:1; 18; 12:15; 13:2,34; 14:14; 15:10,30-35,39; 17:14; 19:2; 21:8,11. (Also notable is that Jesus’ one-on-one situations usually came out of these "multitude" situations).

Jesus was with a large crowd when He looked up and saw Zaccheus, and invited him to come down (Luke 19:1-5). And He was in Jerusalem, crowded with Jews from all over the world for the Passover, where He drove the moneychangers out of the temple and preached, "Make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise," and after causing that little stir, Nicodemus came to Him by night (John 2:13-3:1). En route back to His home in Galilee after that incident He stopped and exposed the secret sins of the woman at the well (John 4).

JESUS’ most famous sermons were delivered OUTDOORS. For example, the sermon ON THE MOUNT (Matthew 5,6,7). In Luke 6:17 he preached to a "great multitude" in "the plain" (outdoors). The "Olivet discourse" (Matthew 24) was delivered on the Mount of Olives (outdoors). In Matthew 13 His well known parables were preached to "great multitudes" by "the sea side" (JESUS was a "beach preacher"). He sat in a boat and taught the multitude on the shore.

Just to be clear, we are not saying to stop the work of witnessing : we do it and we encourage it! Again, our interest is given to the MAIN method of outreach found in the Scriptures: open air preaching.

The four Gospels are often described as John and the " three synoptic Gospels," meaning Matthew, Mark, and Luke are similar to each other, yet not much information in John is found in the "synoptics." The reason for this is simple: Matthew, Mark, and Luke devote most of their attention to Jesus’ ministry in Galilee, where He lived most of the time. But several times a year, all the Jews in the world would go to Jerusalem for the Feasts (see Exodus 23:14,17). Christ would go to Jerusalem and PREACH to these large crowds gathered there. Everything in JOHN is concerned with these trips of Jesus to Jerusalem during these feasts. The PASSOVER is mentioned in John 2:13; 6:4; and 12:1. The feast of TABERNACLES is mentioned in John 7:2. Another feast is mentioned in John 5:1. HANUKKAH is mentioned in John 10:22. JESUS CHRIST came to Jerusalem to cleanse the Temple (at least twice, John 2; Matthew 21, Mark 11 and Luke19), and PREACH TO THE MULTITUDES.

"In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and CRIED, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink." (John 7:37).

JESUS befahl Seinen Aposteln:

"Was ich euch im Finstern sage, das redet am Licht, und was ihr ins Ohr höret, das prediget auf den Dächern." (Matthäus 10,27; Schlachter1951)

His apostles carried this out in the book of Acts. On the day of Pentecost (Acts 2), we find one of the greatest examples of STREET PREACHING of all time. The charismatic read Acts 2, see tongues, and say: We need to speak in tongues like they did in Acts 2. Some fundamentalists read Acts 2 and see 3000 added to the church in one day, and they say: We need to have large church growth like they did in Acts 2. What is missing is the recognition of the delivery and method of STREET PREACHING found in Acts 2,. TONGUES drew a crowd, Peter preached REPENTANCE (Acts 2:38), and the church grew.

It is notable that preaching repentance involves the whole counsel of GOD. In addition to the Gospel, CHRIST preached "THE Kingdom of GOD." This involves the whole of GOD’s character and all instruction on all subjects found in SCRIPTURE.

"Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry. Therefore DISPUTED he in the …market daily…(Acts 17:17)

Yes, the apostles’ evangelism often involved "DISPUTING" and judgment, not just preaching GOD’s love (see Acts 6:9; 9:22,29; 11:2; 15:2,7; 17:2; 18:19,28; 19:8,9; 28:23; see also Neh. 13:11; 17,25; Proverbs 28:4; Ephesians 5:11; I Thessalonians 2:2; Jude 3,9; see also examples in Matthew 22; John 7,8).

Why the market? Crowds! The apostles wanted to get the Gospel to the most people at one time, so they went to the markets where crowds gathered, and disputed, preaching the kingdom and wisdom of GOD in the open air.

Zusammenfassend Sehen Wir:

MODERNE Methoden sind: - Teuer! - Limitiert darauf, ein paar wenige der vielen zu erreichen, von denen uns befohlen ist, sie zu erreichen - Ineffizient - Zeit und Arbeitsintensiv - Bürokratisch - Deceiving, in that they have a great show of power, when in fact they are weak.

BIBLISCHE Methoden sind: - Günstig - Unbürokratisch - Kräftig und im Einklang mit der Kraft und dem Inhalt der Botschaft (Himmel und Hölle!) - Able to provide place for the defense and explanation of all BIBLICAL matters (see Paul at Mars’ hill; Acts 17) - Able to provide for rebuke, exhortation and warning to all people and situations as required, Ezek. 3:15-21 (Watchmen!) - Zeit- und Arbeitseffizient - Weise mit der Weisheit GOTTES

Öffentliches Freiluftpredigen des Evangeliums und des Königreiches GOTTES ist zwingend/unerlässlich für die Erfüllung der GREAT COMMISSION. With the help of GOD available, this is an attainable goal within each of your groups, fellowships, und Kirchen. It is not unreasonable to think that of every 50 or so believers, ONE could do this work. Wenn man sie zusammenzählt, so würde eine Stadt von der Grösse von Los Angeles net mindestens 500 zu 600 Männer, um den Pflug in diesem unangetasteten Feld zu schultern. The impact of such a group would be immediate and powerful: vom einfachen Evangelium bis zur öffentlichen Zurechtweisung vom Bösen, Gottes Meinung [engl. mind] und Wille würde allen gezeigt werden.

"Ich meine das aber so: Wer kärglich sät, der wird auch kärglich ernten, und wer reichlich sät, der wird auch reichlich ernten." (2. Korinther 9,6; Menge)

Eine Kurze Geschichte des Freiluftpredigens

Es gibt jene, die sagen, dass Predigen auf den Strassen gut war für biblische Zeiten, aber nicht für heutzutage. Hier werden wir eine historische Studie machen bezüglich Freiluftpredigen und seiner Effektivität durch die Kirchengeschichte hindurch. The subject of preaching is to be differentiated from that of "witnessing." The preaching spoken of throughout this history is best defined by Christ himself in Matthäus 10,27: gehörte Dinge und von den Dächern gepredigt.

Charles Haddon Spurgeon: "It would be very easy to prove that revivals of religion have usually been accompanied, if not caused, by a considerable amount of preaching out of doors, or in unusual places."

STREET PREACHING has spawned major movements and Protestant denominations in the last 2000 years. Time and space will not permit us to give more than a few highlights in this format, but hopefully this information will enlighten those with eyes to see, the power and effectiveness of this bold Biblical, and "consistent with the message" approach (Romans 1:16; 1 Corinthians 1:18).

The Apostles spread Christianity throughout the Roman Empire through street preaching, but soon the early church began to see persecution by the Roman Empire. Since public expression of faith in Jesus resulted in death, the Church went underground. When Constantine became emperor Christianity became the official state religion, and there was a decrease in zeal to spread the faith. Then the absolute power that corrupts absolutely corrupted the Church, and it became more of a political organization, losing sight of the self-sacrificing discipleship of the New Testament.

Some attempted to stay on the pure path and questioned the new directions of the "Church," challenging papal authority, infant baptism, and other unbiblical doctrines. These groups however were suppressed by those in authority, and were persecuted by the Bishop of Rome and his followers through the centuries. This faithful line, known by various names (Paulicans, Bogomiles, Cathari, Montanists, Donatists and Albigenses. See "Trail of Blood" by J. M. Carroll.) is traced back to Apostolic times, and are no doubt responsible for a continuation of the narrow path.

Because of intense persecution, public proclamation of the Word of God was virtually non-existent, but as time went on some became very vocal about their displeasure with the papacy. This came from groups within the Catholic Church upset at its growing worldliness, which became "heretics" whose exhortations got them excommunicated.

Below are just a few of the history-changing STREET PREACHERS of the last 20 centuries.

Pre-Cursors to the Protestants

CATHOLIC ORDERS: FRANZISKANER, DOMINKANER.

Though we as Protestants now carry the true form of Biblical faith and understanding concerning GOD and His kingdom, it is noteworthy to see that even within the Catholic church public proclamation of faith took place and is remembered.

The Franciscan Order in the Catholic Church was founded by Francis of Assisi (1182- 1226). Francis was son of a wealthy cloth merchant, and spent his youth in pleasure and frolicking until an illness while he was a prisoner of war caused him to reflect on eternity. He later took seriously the commands of Christ to His disciples to sell all and give to the poor, which Francis and his followers did, and received permission from the Pope for their order and "to preach repentance everywhere." According to the Catholic Encyclopedia (1909) Francis "usually preached out of doors, in the market-places, from church steps, from the walls of castle courtyards." FRANCIS OF ASSISI WAS A STREET PREACHER!

Many of the early Franciscan preachers were so popular that the churches were not big enough to hold the throngs that came to hear them, so they were forced to preach outside the church in the open air to accommodate the crowds. Some of such popular preachers were Berthold of Regensberg (1220-1272), Anthiony of Padua (1195-1231), and Bernardino of Siena (1380-1444). The fearlessness of these Franciscan friars can be seen in this account of some early Franciscan missionaries to Spain:

"Six brothers were sent to Arab Spain. At first they were politely received, but in Seville they entered a mosque and preached against the Koran.... They were hauled out, beaten, and dragged before the emir. They defied him and reviled Mohammed, that wicked slave of the devil. They were then taken to the top of a tower, whence they shouted down that Mohammed was an imposter. Jailed, they tried to convert the jailer and the other prisoners. Since the authorities could do nothing with them, the missioners were sent to Morocco, where, being still defiant, they were tortured and beheaded...."

Another shining light from the followers of Francis was Raymund Lully (or Ramon Lull, or Raymundus Lullus, 1232-1315). He had a burden to preach to Muslims on their own turf: he wanted to travel to North Africa and evangelize in the streets of a Mohammedan town. His dream came true when he was in his sixties, when he traveled to Bugia in North Africa and "found his way to a public place, stood up boldly, and proclaimed in the Arabic language that Christianity was the only true faith." He was promptly arrested and deported. He returned, however, when he was in his eighties, and "came forth into the open market and presented himself to the people as the same man whom they had once expelled from their town. ... Lull stood before them and threatened them with divine wrath if they still persisted in their errors." This time Raymund Lullus was stoned to death by the mob. He died a martyr, preaching in the streets of a Muslim town, in 1315.

FRANZISKANER WAREN STRASSENPREDIGER!

The Dominicans were founded by Dominic (1170-1221), who traveled with Diego and journeyed from town to town conducting open air debates. Some Dominican preachers were again so popular that they had to preach outside the church to accommodate the crowds that came to hear them. Such a Dominican preacher was Vincent Ferrer (1350- 1419). DOMINICANS WERE STREET PREACHERS!

Frühe Protestanten

Before Luther and the Protestant Reformation came along, the groundwork for their success was laid by several groups that rose within the Catholic Church and questioned papal authority to the point of getting excommunicated. Three such groups arose in France in the 12th century and were started by STREET PREACHERS.

The Henricians were started by Henry of Lausanne (died 1148), the Petrobrussians by Peter de Bruys (died 1126). They worked together denouncing romanist doctrines like infant baptism and transubstantiation (both were eventually condemned as heretics and martyred.). They also rejected Church buildings, and "preached on the streets and in the open places." THE HENRICIANS UND PETROBRUSIANS WAREN STRASSENPREDIGER!"

WALDENSER

Die Waldenser wurden started by Peter Waldo, a wealthy merchant in Lyons, France in the 12th century. One day he asked a theologian what he should do to gain eternal life. He was answered with the words of Jesus to the rich young ruler, to sell his possessions, give the money to the poor, and follow Christ. Waldo took this literally, selling his business, giving away his wealth. Together with his followers, they traveled by twos, preaching in the streets, reading passages of Scripture which they translated themselves into the common language. According to Foxe's Book of Martyrs the Inquisition was originally launched against the Waldenses. DIE WALDENSER WAREN STRASSENPREDIGER!

Die LOLLARDEN

Nun kommen wir zu John Wycliffe (1330-1384), "dem Morgenstern der Reformation". Wycliffe war der Erste der die Bibel in die Englische Sprache übersetzte (von der Vulgata), und die Wycliffe Bibelübersetzer beziehen ihren Namen von ihm. Seine Nachfolger wurden Lollarden genannt und reisten durch ganz England in den Strassen und auf den Marktplätzen gegen die Irrtümer des Papsttums predigend. DIE LOLLARDEN WAREN STRASSENPREDIGER!

DIE PROTESTANTISCHEN REFORMATOREN

Die frühen protestantischen Reformatoren mussten notwendigerweise outdoor Prediger sein, da, wie Spurgeon points out, die Kirchen in den Händen des Papsttums waren. William Farel (1489- 1565), der den Weg ebnete für Johannes Calvin in die Schweiz zu kommen, und "der Pionier des Protestantismus in der Westschweiz genannt wurde," war ein STRASSENPREDIGER. "Er verwandelte jeden Stumpf und Stein in eine Kanzel, jedes Haus, jede Strasse, und Marktplatz in eine Kirche."

The Presbyterian Church was founded in Scotland by John Knox (1513-1572), who started out as a bodyguard for a STREET PREACHER named George Wishart. After Wishart was martyred in 1546, Knox took over as leader of the reformation. Wishart was not allowed to preach in the churches and so preached in the market-places and fields. John Knox accompanied him on his preaching tours, sword in hand, to protect him from violence." Later, when the Church of England was established in Scotland, Protestant preachers were banned from their pulpits and became field preachers, proclaiming their message in the open air. Some of these Scottish Presbyterian field preachers included Richard Cameron (1648-1680) and Donald Cargill (1619-1681). DIE PRESBYTERIAN KIRCHE WURDE DURCH STRASSENPREDIGER STARTED!

POST-REFORMATORISCHE PREDIGER

Nach der Reformation wurden andere grosse Bewegungen durch STRASSENPREDIGER started.

The Methodist Church, co-founded by George Whitefield (1714-1770) and John Wesley (1703-1791) is an example of this period. These two were Anglicans, but being banned from speaking in churches since they were not "licensed," they took to FIELD PREACHING, boldly proclaiming GOD'S WORD to large crowds in streets and markets. Whitefield spoke to estimated crowds of up to 20,000 people in the open air. They traveled throughout England and the American colonies, and were instrumental in the GREAT AWAKENING, a mighty revival that swept the colonies in the eighteenth century. THE METHODIST CHURCH WAS STARTED BY STREET PREACHERS!

George Whitefield stated: "I believe I never was more acceptable to my Master than when I was standing to teach those hearers in the open fields." ... "I now preach to ten times more people than I should, if had been confined to the Churches."

Auch von John Wesley: "Ich bin davon absolut gewiss, dass ich weit mehr Gutes für meine Lincolnshire Gemeindeglieder getan hatte indem ich drei Tage auf meines Vaters Grab predigte, als dass ich drei Jahre Predigt auf seiner Kanzel tat." ... " Bis zu diesem Tag ist field preaching ein Kreuz für mich, aber ich kenne meinen Auftrag und sehe keinen anderen Weg, um das Evangelium aller Kreatur zu predigen".

Ein Freund von Whitefield und Wesley started eine grosse Erweckung in Wales genannt die Welsche Erweckung (Welsh Revival). Sein name war Howell Harris, und ist ein weiteres Beispiel eines Mannes der als FIELD PREACHER bekannt war.

Another great Methodist outdoor preacher at this time was Gideon Ouseley (1762-1839). He traveled on horseback and preached several times a day, ohne herabzusteigen, in Strassen, fairs und Märkten durch ganz Irland. Methodists were also instrumental in America's second Great Awakening, typified by outdoor Camp Meetings, started in 1800 by James Mcready, and also featuring the preaching of Peter Cartwright (1785-1872) and Lorenzo Dow (1777-1834).

Eine grosse Baptistenerweckung in Schottland war das Resultat of the FIELD PREACHING von Robert (1764-1842) and James (1768-1851) Haldane und Rowland Hill (einer der Gründer der "Religious Tract Society" [zu deutsch "Religiöse Traktat Gesellschaft"], und ein früher Befürworter der Impfung). Sie waren Anglikaner, konvertierten jedoch zu Baptisten, als die established Kirche ihr field preaching verbot. Robert und James verliessen ihr Geschäft und verkauften ihren Grundbesitz/ihr Anwesen, um sich vollzeit dem Predigen des Evangeliums zu widmen.

MODERN MISSIONS MOVEMENT

The first modern Protestant missionary society wurde von William Carey (1761- 1834) gestartet, dem ersten Missionar für Indien. Carey hatte geringe Bildung, brachte sich jedoch selbst Wissenschaft und Sprachen bei. Er übersetzte die Bibel in 11 Sprachen. Er ging nach Indien und startete, indem er zu grossen Massen predigte in den Strassen des Bordellbezirks. Einer seiner ersten Bekehrten war ein junger britische Matrose namens Robert Flockhart (1778-1857), der zurückging zu den britischen Inseln und in den Strassen von Edinburgh für 43 Jahre predigte bis zu seinem Tode. Einer von Carey's associates, Mr. Chamberlain would go to the Ganges river where Hindus gathered, und ein Argument/Diskussion/Streit [_engl. argument] mit einer der Brahmins??? beginnen. Wenn der Streit eine Menge angezogen hatte, predigte er zu den versammelten Hindus. THE MODERN MISSIONS MOVEMENT WURDEN DURCH STRASSENPREDIGER GESTARTET!

Andere berühmte Prediger starteten ihren Dienst durch Predigen in den Strassen, wie z.B. C.H. Spurgeon, D.L. Moody, und Billy Graham. Spurgeon begann in den Strassen von London zu Predigen im Alter von 16, which he continued bis er mit 19 Pastor des Metropolitan Tabernacle wurde.

Dwight L. Moody (1837-1899) war ein wohl bekannter Prediger in der Gegend von Chicago. Das Moody Bibel Institut trägt seinen Namen. "Eine seiner regelmässigen Gewohnheiten in den späten Sechzigern war, die Vorübergehenden an den Abenden von den Stufen des Gerichtshauses zu ermahnen. Oftmals these impromptu gathering drew as many hecklers as supporters." MOODY WAR EIN STRASSENPREDIGER!

Es wohl bekannt, dass die Heilsarmee begann mit einer Menge an STRASSENPREDIGT!

Coming to Modern Times there is a remnant today of those who still carry on the mission of STREET PREACHING. A particular aspect of open air preaching is utilization of the Free Speech Platforms on College and University Campuses. Cal State Berkeley was ablaze with Bible preaching in the 1960s by Hubert Lindsey (also known as "Holy Hubert" to those turbulent times). Today others follow in his footsteps.

In addition to those we have mentioned, we are sure GOD's judgment will reveal many untold stories of men who have been faithful to this most obvious work. Though little recognition and support has been historically given to such men, the Father will accord them their true glory and reward.

We have only scratched the surface concerning the impact that STREET PREACHERS have had on the world. As this information is neglected in today's churches, it is our hope that by remembering and publicizing this history, hearts and minds will be inspired to see the timelessness and power of this simple approach. STREET PREACHING is the most powerful tool for reaching the world, not only throughout Biblical times, but also in every age of history. We believe that in today's critical times the Church of Jesus Christ needs more than ever to revive this proven ministry.

Wie Charles Spurgeon bezeugte:

"No sort of defense is needed for preaching out of doors, but it would need very potent arguments to prove that a man had done his duty who has never preached beyond the walls of his meeting-house. A defense is required for services within buildings than for worship outside of them."

Bibliography: New Catholic Encyclopedia; Poinsenet, Saint Dominic; Brady, Saint Dominic; The Catholic Encyclopedia; Butler's Lives of the Saints; The New SchaffHerzog Religious Encyclopedia; Huber, St. Anthony of Padua; Bishop, St. Francis of Assisi; Zwemer, Raymund Lull; Peers, Ramon Lull; Howell, S. Bernardino of Siena; Eerdman's Handbook to the History of Christianity; Schaff, History of the Christian Church; Collier's Encyclopedia; Farnum, St. Anthony of Padua; Allies, Three Catholic Reformers of the Fifteenth Century; Latourette, A History of the Expansion of Christianity; McClintock & Strong, Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature; The Encyclopedia of World Methodism; New Columbia Encyclopedia; The Westminister Dictionary of Church History; Christian, A History of The Baptists of The United States; Torbet, A History of The Baptists; Moyer, Who Was Who In Church History; The Encyclopedia of The Lutheran Church; Findlay, Dwight L. Moody; The Journal of John Wesley; The Journals of George Whitefield; Miller, William Carey; Spurgeon, Lectures To My Students; The Autobiography of Robert Flockhart; Harrison, Giants of The Missionary Trail; Newman, A Manual of Church History. (Emphasis has been added to quotations)

(Quelle: Artikel von Cornerstone Ministries)

Das Motiv für Freiluftpredigen

No other message has been as life changing and inspirational as "Ten Shekels and a Shirt" by Paris Reidhead. This message has been instrumental in helping us to keep the right motive and do all things "for the glory of God."

When pragmatism (if it "works," it must be right) becomes one's philosophy in evangelism, the message is compromised to attain "successful results." But are we successful if we seek "decisions for Christ" and dilute the gospel in the process so we can gain more "conversions"? We think not.

Go Here to listen to that wonderful message for yourself:

http://www.pinpointevangelism.com/Paris Reidhead- Ten Shekels And A Shirt.mp3
(or read the Transcript: Ten_Shekels_and_a_Shirt_Paris_Reidhead.pdf)

Die Botschaft

As we begin to preach and people gather, we usually begin with the fear of the Lord. "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom." (Prov 9:10)

If one is to see his need of a Savior, the cross, and forgiveness, he must first be exposed to the light of his personal guilt before a loving God. We must work with the Holy Spirit, who has come to reprove the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8).

When our hearers begin to become aware of their moral crimes against God, then we share about forgiveness, the cross, and the Savior Jesus. Jesus warns us to "give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine." (Matt 7:6).

Preaching the law to precede the Gospel has been, throughout church history, one doctrine that has been agreed upon by both Calvinists and Armenians until recent years, when we adopted the sloppy-agape, sin-excusing- greasy-grace.

Our new modern methods yield a 80% - 90% fall away rate within the first year. If the law precedes the gospel, we may have less responding to a call of salvation, but of the ones who do, as in Finney's day, 80% remain faithful and full of zeal to the Lord.

David said that the law (not love, not grace) is perfect in converting the soul (Ps 19:7). Paul said that the law was our schoolmaster and brought the knowledge of sin (Gal 3:24, Rom 3:20). In our fears of legalism we have fallen into the perils of Antinomianism.

When going to a (good) doctor, one always receives a diagnosis and a prognosis before he receives the antidote. Yet, many times today, we simply want to shove the antidote down peoples' throat who don't understand their need for Jesus. The result is a generation of spiritual miscarriages and premature spiritual babies, who left the womb of conviction too soon.

What the law does is show the standard of God and how the individual has fallen short. His conscience affirms his guilt, shame, and remorse for his sin; he sees his prognosis if he doesn't repent and entrust his life to Christ: Eternal hell fire.

See, when people have a great understanding of their need for something, they are more likely to hold on to it for dear life. Yet, when we offer Jesus as a means to happiness and the new convert finds persecutions, trials and temptations (which are promised), he feels cheated and deceived.

Ray Comfort wrote two great books expounding on this: Hell's Best Kept Secret and The Ultimate Deception, which I would highly recommend to all interested in leading someone to Christ. [Annotation by gesundelehre.tk: Pay Attention! Ray Comfort is a False Teacher, who teaches a license to sin / OSAS (=once saved always saved)! Visit www.evangelicaloutreach.org/raycomfort.htm for more information]

Freiluftpredigen: Das Publikum

Typischerweise werden 30 zu 150 Studenten gather around um für etliche Stunden durch diesen Tag hindurch zuzuhören und Fragen zu stellen. Dieser Wechsel von Ideen, Predigen, Überführung, Tadel und Ermahnung (2 Tim 4,2-3), wird solange andauern wir auf dem Campus bleiben.

Die Menge die wir evangelisieren besteht aus Atheisten, erklärten Christians, Homosexuellen, Lügnern, Gotteslästerern, Unzüchtigen, Säufer und desgleichen. Dies sind die zukünftigen Lehrer, Doktoren, Anwälte, Präsidenten, Senatoren und Leiter unserer Nation...!

Freiluftpredigen

Freiluftpredigen ist primär ein Dienst des Säens, obwohl wir etliche hatten, die Busse taten und gerettet wurden.

We refer to this method of preaching as being in the "stump-blasting" business, denn sie kann buchstäblich hunderte und sogar Tausende dazu provozieren, über die Bibel und ewige Dinge nachzudenken.

In den college Städten, die wir besuchen, sehen wir Leute ihre Bibeln lesen in den lokalen Restaurants, Studentenverbindungen, Grasflächen, etc. Sie reden über das Freiluftpredigen, Gott, die Bibel, Jesus, Himmel, Hölle, Sünde, etc. in den Kaufhäusern, Klassenzimmern, etc. Gott sei dank, dass sie über Gott nachdenken und nach ihm forschen!!!

Zeugnisse

Lies ein paar der vielen Zeugnisse, die wir durch die Jahre von Leuten, die gesegnet wurden gesammelt haben.

www.gospeljohn.com/testimonies.htm